I found an article which discusses the ten pedagogic principles for E-learning written by Pr. John Anderson and Pr Robert McCormick (ARTICLE 1)
TEN PEDAGOGIC PRINCIPLES FOR E-LEARNING
Principle 1: match to the curriculum
The pedagogy should be matched with and aligned to the appropriate (UK) curriculum through:
— clear objectives (at an appropriate level and form of specification);
— the relevance of content covered;
— the appropriateness of student activities;
— the nature of the assessment (where this is present).
Principle 2: inclusion
The pedagogy should support inclusive practice seen in terms of:
— different types and range of achievement (including special needs);
— physical disabilities that can be particularly supported by e-learning (e.g. those with visual impairment);
— different social and ethnic groups;
Principle 3: learner engagement
The pedagogy should engage and motivate learners. This engagement should be evident in an ethos of being:
— educational, i.e. have a ‘worthwhile’ educational aim, and not just be used to occupy or entertain learners, although it might employ ‘game-like’ approaches to learning;
— motivating, such that it is both enjoyable for learners and makes them want to continue using ICT or want to carry on with learning the topic;
— such that it does not produce adverse emotional reactions that are likely to cause reduced motivation to learn in general, or to use ICT in particular;
— motivating, such that it improves the class atmosphere for learning and makes it a good experience for teachers and learners alike.
Principle 4: innovative approaches
It should be evident why learning technologies are being used, rather than a non-technological approach which achieves the same end as effectively. Digital forms should be used where they bring an innovative approach which cannot be achieved in any other way. E-learning should, in other words, be fit for purpose. The design and implementation of the digital material or environment may also be innovative, in the sense that it takes an approach that is new and has not been taken either by previous non-technological or by digital material for this particular topic or area of the curriculum.
Principle 5: effective learning
This principle can be demonstrated in a variety of ways:
— by the use of a range of approaches that will allow the learner to chose one that suits her, or can be personalised to her, or will extend the learner’s repertoire of approaches to learning (such as ‘learning how to learn’);
— by providing empirical evidence of effective outcomes of the pedagogic approach (including the digital material);
— by satisfying a number of the characteristics of good learning (learner agency; learner autonomy; encourages metacognitive (including high order) thinking; enables or encourages collaboration);
— by providing authentic learning (authentic to situations outside school and to the learners’ perspectives and situations), and that also exhibits multiple perspectives on a topic (this could be seen as another aspect of authenticity).
Principle 6: formative assessment
The pedagogy should provide formative assessment, i.e. assessment that is primarily aimed at improving learning. This may be achieved in a number of ways:
— by providing rapid feedback that helps learners to see how they can improve and what they must do to improve;
— by providing opportunities for peer assessment, with appropriate understanding of the criteria or standards of performance required;
— by providing opportunities for self assessment, with appropriate understanding of the criteria or standards of performance required.
Principle 7: summative assessment
Summative assessment here is understood as that which is used to grade students for guidance as to, or selection for, future educational or work opportunities. Although not all e-learning will have summative assessment (but it should have formative assessment), where it does, it must be:
— valid and reliable (i.e. assess what is aimed at in the objectives, and do this in a way that can be demonstrated by things like expert views, or ways of testing construct validity; give consistent results for particular learners or other users);
— comprehensible by teachers, learners and parents (as appropriate);
— able to deal with a range of achievement levels;
— free from adverse emotional impact on the learner.
Principle 8: coherence, consistency and transparency
The pedagogy must be internally coherent and consistent in the way the objectives, content, student activity and assessment (where present) match to each other. It must be open and accessible in its design. This implies that the components of e-learning should each match and that the match should be transparent in its intention; for example, the activities should be consistent with the objectives and the assessment should assess these objectives (and not un-stated or unknown ones). It should be clear to the user what they are expected to do.
Principle 9: ease of use
As well as being transparent in its intention, elearning should be transparent in its ease of use through:
— being open and accessible;
— being intuitive and not requiring guidance on use (for either the teacher or the learner);
— the provision of appropriate guidance for the learner or the teacher and, in the case of the learner, should not require extensive training or instructions that are not themselves part of the educational aims of the e-learning;
— appropriate assumptions about the ICT skills of users (both learners and teachers), or the provision of straightforward guidance on this.
Principle 10: cost-effectivness
Technology solutions need to be justifiable, affordable and the costs sustainable. Using learning technology is not a cheap option for enhancing educational opportunity, broadening choice and raising standards; nor is it a ‘silver bullet’. The investment needs to be justified in terms of cost benefits and savings through efficiencies of scale, or in terms of affordance of pedagogic opportunities and enrichment, or in meeting educational needs and goals which are not achievable in other ways. However, as with many of these principles, there are some formidable definitional problems, about what to include in the costs (or indeed the benefits).
Below is a video that I found on Youtube;
E-learning Pedagogy and Learning Approaches